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Buttercups and crowfoots  
Canada's species

Flowering Trees

Dogwoods | Coffeetrees | Birches and beeches | Hickories and Walnuts | Magnolias | Linden Trees | Willows and Poplars | Maples | Ashes | Yews | Elms, hemp, and nettles

Order Cornales

Western flowering dogwood, pacific dogwood Cornus nuttalli


Order Fabales

Kentucky coffeetree Gymnocladus dioicus


Birches and Beeches
Order Fagales

Birches (family Betulaceae)

Black alder, European alder Alnus glutinosa
Speckled alder, tag alder, swamp alder Alnus incana rugosa
Thinleaf alder, mountain alder Alnus incana tenuifolia
Red alder, Oregon alder Alnus rubra
Smooth alder, hazel alder Alnus serrulata
Green alder, mountain alder Alnus viridis crispa
Siberian alder Alnus viridis fruticosa
Sitka alder, mountain alder Alnus viridis sinuata
Yellow birch Betula alleghaniensis
Heartleaf birch, mountain white birch Betula cordifolia
Dwarf birch, resin birch Betula glandulosa
Kenai birch Betula kenaica
Sweet birch, cherry birch Betula lenta
Newfoundland dwarf birch, Michaux's birch Betula michauxii
Dwarf birch Betula minor
Arctic dwarf birch Betula nana exilis
Arizona walnut Betula nana nana
Resin birch, paper birch Betula neoalaskana
Water birch, river birch Betula occidentalis
Paper birch, canoe birch, white birch Betula papyrifera
Weeping birch, European white birch, silver birch Betula pendula
Gray birch, white birch, fire birch Betula populifolia
European white birch Betula pubescens pubescens
Bog birch, dwarf birch Betula pumila
American hornbeam, blue beech, musclewood, ironwood Carpinus caroliniana virginiana
European hazel or hazelnut Corylus avellana
California hazel Corylus cornuta californica
Beaked hazel Corylus cornuta cornuta
Eastern hop hornbeam, ironwood Ostrya virginiana

Beeches and oaks (family Fagaceae)

American chestnut Castanea dentata
American beech Fagus grandifolia
White oak, eastern white oak Quercus alba
Swamp white oak Quercus bicolor
Northern pin oak, jack oak, Hill's oak Quercus ellipsoidalis
Quercus garryana garryana
Burr oak, mossy-cup oak Quercus macrocarpa
Chestnut oak Quercus montana
Chinkapin oak, chinquapin oak, yellow chestnut oak Quercus muhlenbergii
Pin oak Quercus palustris
Dwarf chinkapin oak, scrub chestnut oak Quercus prinoides
English oak, pedunculate oak Quercus robur
Northern red oak Quercus rubra
Shumard oak Quercus shumardii
Black oak Quercus velutina


Hickories and Walnuts
Order Juglandales

Bitternut hickory, pignut Carya cordiformis
Pignut hickory, sweet pignut Carya glabra
Shellbark hickory, kingnut Carya laciniosa
Carya ovata ovata
Butternut, white walnut Juglans cinerea
Black walnut Juglans nigra


Order Magnoliales

Custard apples (family Annonaceae)

Pawpaw, dog-banana, Indian-banana Asimina triloba

Laurels (family Lauraceae)

Sassafras, white sassafras Sassafras albidum

Magnolias (family Magnoliaceae)

Cucumber-tree Magnolia acuminata


Linden Trees
Order Malvales

Basswood, American linden Tilia americana


Willows and Poplars
Order Salicales

Balsam poplar, eastern balsam poplar Populus balsamifera
Eastern cottonwood Populus deltoides deltoides
Plains cottonwood Populus deltoides monilifera
Bigtoothed aspen Populus grandidentata
Trembling aspen Populus tremuloides


Order Sapindales

Red maple, swamp maple, soft maple Acer rubrum
Silver maple Acer saccharinum
Sugar maple, hard maple, rock maple Acer saccharum
Mountain maple Acer spicatum
Sweet-flag Acorus calamus


Order Scrophulariales

Ashes and olives (family Oleaceae)

Winter-aconite Eranthis hyemalis
White ash Fraxinus americana
Black ash, swamp ash, hoop ash Fraxinus nigra
Blue ash Fraxinus quadrangulata

Snapdragons (family Scrophulariaceae)

Equisetum ×nelsonii
Goldenseal, orangeroot, yellow-puccoon Hydrastis canadensis


Order Taxales

Pacific yew Taxus brevifolia
Canada yew, American yew, ground-hemlock Taxus canadensis


Elms, hemp, nettles
Order Urticales

Hemp (family Cannabaceae)

Hemp, marihuana (marijuana), pot, grass, maryjane Cannabis sativa
Japanese hops Humulus japonicus
Humulus lupulus lupuloides
Humulus lupulus lupulus
Humulus lupulus neomexicanus

Elms (family Ulmaceae)

Hackberry Celtis occidentalis
Dwarf hackberry Celtis tenuifolia
White elm, American elm Ulmus americana
English elm, English cork elm Ulmus procera
Siberian elm Ulmus pumila
Slippery elm Ulmus rubra
Rock elm Ulmus thomasii

Nettles (family Urticaceae)

False-nettle Boehmeria cylindrica
Wood-nettle Laportea canadensis
Parietaria pensylvanica
Clearweed Pilea fontana
Clearweed Pilea pumila
Urtica dioica dioica
Urtica dioica gracilis
Dog nettle, burning nettle Urtica urens


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