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Great Auk

Pinguinus impennis

The great auk was a large flightless bird, similar to a penguin, with a black back, white abdomen, small wings and upright posture. It bred along both coasts of the North Atlantic Ocean. In Canada, it was found in Newfoundland, on the Magdalen Islands, in New Brunswick and in Nova Scotia. The great auk wintered from southern Greenland to southern Florida and southern Spain. The last great auk was killed in Iceland on June 3, 1844.

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